Summer is a great time to get outside and have fun in the sun. Whether you’re heading out for vacations, camp outs, family adventures, or just lounging by the pool this summer, don’t forget to take care of your eyes. Here are six dos and don’ts for keeping your eyes healthy during the long, lazy days of summer.

1. Do wear sunglasses

Sunglasses aren’t just for looking cool. Quality shades also protect your eyes. When you buy sunglasses, check that they provide 100 percent UV protection with both UVA and UVB rays. These UV rays can penetrate the cornea and damage your lens and retina, which can to increased risks for cataract and macular degeneration. The color and darkness of the lenses of your sunglasses doesn’t matter as much as the ability to block UV light. If you’re active, also consider getting sunglasses with polycarbonate lenses.

2. Do wear protective eyewear

Before you head out onto the baseball field or tennis court, get some protective eyewear. According to the non-profit advocacy group Safe Kids Worldwide, in 2013, more than 1.24 million children ages 19 and under were seen in emergency departments for injuries related to 14 commonly played sports. Many eye injuries are completely preventable simply by wearing eye protection. Check to be sure that the eyewear you purchase meets the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) guidelines and those for the sport as well.

3. Do wear sunscreen

Sunburn and skin cancer can happen anywhere skin is exposed, even around your eyes or on your eyelids. Many people keep sunscreen away from their eyes because they’re worried about irritation, but you still need to protect those sensitive areas. Look for a sunscreen formula that is made specifically for use on your face with an SPF of 30 or more.

4. Do wear swim goggles

Even if water looks clean, odds are good it’s not as clean as you might hope. The water in swimming pools, lakes, and oceans is far from sterile and can lead to eye infections or irritations. Wearing goggles while you swim is an easy way to avoid these issues.

5. Don’t swim with contacts

Leaving your contacts in while you go swimming is generally considered a bad idea because they can fall out or dry out in salty sea water. Lake water also can contain bacteria, which can grow on your contacts. Fortunately, you have other options. If you want to be able to see while swimming, you can get prescription goggles. Or if you only take short dips in the lake or pool, you might consider trying out single-use contacts. Because you use a new pair every day, you don’t have to worry about your contacts drying out or bacteria building up on them.

6. Don’t rub your eyes

Mom was right: when you get something in your eye, avoid rubbing it. At the beach, getting sand in your eye can scratch your cornea and rubbing your eye can make the problem worse. Out in the woods, you should avoid touching poison ivy, sumac, or oak, not just because the itchy rash is unpleasant. If you touch your eyes, you can get the plant oils in your eyes and cause serious irritation. Instead of rubbing, wash your hands and rinse your eyes thoroughly with fresh water. If the problem persists or gets worse, call your eye doctor.

Stay safe this summer

If you have suffered an eye injury or irritation, please contact Dr. Silverman and the EyeCare 20/20 team. Even if you just have questions or need more advice about eye health or safety, don’t hesitate to give us a call!

The information presented on this Site and Blog and any related links is provided for educational, informational, and entertainment purposes only. Nothing contained in this Site is intended to create a physician-patient relationship, to replace the services of a licensed, trained physician or health professional or to be a substitute for medical advice of a physician or trained health professional licensed in your state. You must never consider any of the information presented here as a substitute for consulting with your physician or health care provider for any medical conditions or concerns. Any information presented here is general information, is not medical advice, nor is it intended as advice for your personal situation. Please consult with your physician or health care provider if you have concerns about your health or suspect that you might have a problem.